A kitchen is a room or part of a room used for cooking and food preparation in a house or in a commercial establishment.
A modern middle-class residential kitchen is typically equipped with a stove, a sink with hot and cold running water, a refrigerator, and worktops and kitchen cabinets arranged according to a modular design.
The main functions of a kitchen are to store, prepare and cook food. The room or area may also be used for dining (or small meals such as breakfast), entertaining and laundry.
The design and construction of kitchens is a huge market all over the world.
Important Parts of the Kitchen:
The kitchen brings people in homes together. Meals are a time when many families join to share both food and events of the day.
The kitchen features three main parts to ensure adequate preparation, storage and cleaning of food, utensils and dishes.
1. The working region of the kitchen includes the range, oven, microwave and other appliances involved in food preparation.
2. A center island counter top, where room allows, provides a central place to prepare food.
1. A kitchen needs adequate facilities to store frozen, cold and dry food goods, as well as dishes, plates, silverware, bowls, containers, pots and pans.
2. Efficient kitchens have a roomy pantry in addition to plenty of cabinet space.
1. The cleanup zone consists of the sink area, dishwasher, trash compactor and storage area for cleaning supplies.
2. The cleanup area works well with a window view, with plumbing from the sink and dishwasher running along the outside of the house.
3. It also adds enjoyment to see outside while cleaning.
The Frankfurt Kitchen of 1926 was made of several materials depending on the application.
The modern built-in kitchens of today use particle boards or MDF, decorated with a variety of materials and finishes including wood veneers, lacquer, glass, melamine, laminate, ceramic and eco gloss.
Very few manufacturers produce home built-in kitchens from stainless-steel.
Until the 1950s, steel kitchens were used by architects, but this material was displaced by the cheaper particle board panels sometimes decorated with a steel surface.
Domestic kitchen planning:
A few common kitchen forms, commonly characterized by the arrangement of the kitchen cabinets and sink, stove, and refrigerator:
A Single File Kitchen
1. A single-file kitchen has all of these along one wall; the work triangle degenerates to a line.
2. This is not optimal, but often the only solution if space is restricted.
The Double File Kitchen
1. The double-file kitchen has two rows of cabinets at opposite walls, one containing the stove and the sink, the other the refrigerator.
2. This is the classical work kitchen and makes efficient use of space.
1. In the L-kitchen, the cabinets occupy two adjacent walls.
2. Again, the work triangle is preserved, and there may even be space for an additional table at a third wall.
1. A U-kitchen has cabinets along three walls, typically with the sink at the base of the “U”.
2. This is a typical work kitchen, too, unless the two other cabinet rows are short enough to place a table at the fourth wall.
1. A G-kitchen has cabinets along three walls, and also a partial fourth wall, often with a double basin sink at the corner of the G shape.
2. The G-kitchen provides additional work and storage space, and can support two work triangles.
The Block Kitchen
1. The block kitchen (or island) is a more recent development, typically found in open kitchens.
2. Here, the stove or both the stove and the sink are placed.
Restaurant and canteen kitchens found in hotels, hospitals, educational and work place facilities, army barracks, and similar institutions are generally (in developed countries) subject to public health laws.
They are inspected periodically by public health officials, and forced to close if they do not meet hygienic requirements mandated by law.
The most expensive kitchen in the world by designer ClaudioCelibate was unveiled in 2011 at a whopping 1.6 million dollars.
The small kitchen claims Swarovski crystal and copper surfaces.
Open plans are very much ‘in’ as a contemporary style, however, 42% of us choose to place a table into our kitchen design.
In Wales, 49% of people invest in a dining table!
Pendant lights continue to be a firm favourite to illuminate a kitchen space.
Yet, breathing new life into the kitchen are spotlights, with around 68% of homeowners choosing this type of kitchen lighting above anything else!